- Swelling of the feet and ankles is a common problem, especially among older people.
- Abnormal buildup of fluid in the ankles, feet, and legs can cause swelling. This fluid buildup and swelling is called edema.
- Painless swelling may affect both legs and may include the calves or even the thighs. The effect of gravity makes the swelling most noticeable in the lower part of the body.
- It may be painless or painful. Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is common due to obesity, blood clot in the leg, varicose veins or venous insufficiency, (veins in the legs that cannot properly pump blood back to the heart) leg Injury or surgery, or a leg infection.
- Long airplane flights or car rides, as well as standing for long periods of time, often lead to some swelling in the feet and ankles.
- Swollen legs may be a sign of heart failure, kidney failure, or liver failure. In these conditions, there is too much fluid in the body.
- Your primary care doctor or you may consult a cardiologist if you suspect swelling due to above mentioned reasons.
- Your cardiologist may other testing such as echocardiogram to detect heart failure, or Doppler Ultrasound of the legs to detect venous thrombosis venous insufficiency.